Management, especially in human organization, involves getting people together in a bid to accomplish goals and objectives that are desired. Management also comprises of a number of functions which are distinct in nature and they include, directing, planning, controlling, staffing, organizing and decision making. The developed of management through time has been a long and daunting task (Ansoff). Several theories have tried to explain the growth and development of management as a science. There is the Taylor and Scientific management theory which analyzes the flow of work with the main aim of improving the productivity of labor. There is also the behaviorist theory also known as the Hawthorne effect, where employees improve their productivity on based on the fact that they are being observed or studied. There is the structuralist theory developed by Weber where staff is viewed as interrelated parts that strives to work together towards a common goal, the management process theory by Barnard and finally the Operations research or the Six Sigma (Ansoff).
Originally posted 2016-10-25 09:59:48.