Understanding Practical Business and Organizational Research
Using the library, locate two (2) research articles published within the last five (5) years. One article should deal with measuring performance and one article should relate to incremental analysis.
Complete the Research Evaluation Tables and post completed tables (one for each scholarly article) to the Discussion Board for others to observe.
Choose one of the two articles to write a one-to-two-page introduction to the article. Include the following sections and include no opinions, judgments, or beliefs about the study. Only present the facts.
- Topic – State the broad organizational or field of study topic and establish the overall context for the study.
- Problem or Opportunity – Describe the problem or opportunity that the researcher was trying to address.
- Purpose of the Study – Discuss the intent of the study and list any research questions or hypotheses that were used.
- Research Approach and Design – Describe the overall research approach and information that you find related to the research design. Research design might include such things as the setting (field, laboratory, etc), the type of data that was collected, the sample and sample selection, the way data was prepared, analyzed, or presented, for example.
- Audience – Identify the individual or groups that might be interested in the findings of the study.
- Summary – Present the main points that you have covered in your paper; introduce no new information or concepts.
Your paper should meet the following requirements:
- Use academic writing style, clear and concise language, and well-developed paragraphs (minimum of three sentences required to develop a paragraph)
- Ensure graduate APA formatting standards
Compare And Contrast
An urban environment versus an expansive environment
An urban environment consists of a high population concentrationand immense human characteristics. It is also characterized by a lot of buildings in an inadequate space. On the other hand, an expansive wilderness is an uncultivated and unsettled area which is in its natural form.
There are various similarities and differences between an urban environment and an expansive wilderness. To start with, the two are similar in that, in both there is risk and danger. In an urban environment, there is danger in terms of crimes due to the high concentration of different types of people both employed and unemployed. The unemployed will tend to earn a living through robbery and through this they harm and kill individuals as they try to rob them. On the other hand, in an expansive environment, there is a danger where that environment is composed of wild animals. For example, it is dangerous for tourists to explore a wilderness without security since they may come across dangerous wild animals. Moreover, both places are risky in that, in an urban environment, there is risk of contracting diseases due to the congested environment and poor garbagedisposal which leads to accumulation of bacterias. On the other hand, in an expansive wilderness there is risk in human beings creating their settlements there. This is due to the wild animals which are dangerous and also some of the places are uninhabitable for human beings.
The differences are as follows; in an urban environment the air is widely polluted due to high concentration of people, industries emitting fumes and accumulation of garbage in towns. On the contrast, in an expansive wilderness there is fresh air. In addition, an urban environment is full of buildings and its hard to trace some green pasture. To the contrary, an expansive wilderness is a natural environment with green pastures. Another difference is that, an expansive wilderness is the major site for tourist attraction and is a major source of national income of a country. An urban environment, differ with an expansive wilderness in that, it is not a tourist attraction site.To finalize, an urban environment is more developed than an expansive wilderness in terms of industries and buildings.
In conclusion, both the urban environment and expansive environment are important to some extent. In an urban environment,most people come to look for employment opportunities while in an expansive wilderness, benefits those people who love adventure and natural environment.
Contrast the adaptive expectations hypothesis to the rational expectations hypothesis and discuss implications on prices and output under the two hypotheses when there are changes in macroeconomic policies.
Compare and contrast the impact of anticipated or unanticipated monetary policy on the inflation rate, real output, employment and interest rates.
Discuss the characteristics of consumer indifference curves, the role of the consumption-opportunity constraint, and the budget constraint in indifference curve analysis
Define economies and diseconomies of scale, explain how each is possible, and relate each to shapes of long-run average total cost curves.
Define and identify opportunity costs, fixed costs, variable costs, marginal costs, average costs, and sunk costs, and differentiate between economic costs and accounting costs
Define and identify opportunity costs, fixed costs, variable costs, marginal costs, average costs, and sunk costs, and differentiate between economic costs and accounting costs.
Summarize the debate about the allocates efficiency of monopolistic competition with low barriers to entry, including the implications of contestable markets and entrepreneurship.
Describe the conditions that characterize monopolistic competition competitive price- searcher market).